Volume 10, 2018Progress in Flight Dynamics, Guidance, Navigation, and Control – Volume 10
|Page(s)||21 - 34|
|Published online||08 June 2018|
LIRIS flight database and its use toward noncooperative rendezvous
ESA-ESTEC Noordwijk, Netherlands
2 Airbus Defence and Space Les Mureaux, France
ESA’s fifth and last Automated Transfer Vehicle, ATV Georges Lemaître, tested new rendezvous technology before docking with the International Space Station (ISS) in August 2014. The technology demonstration called Laser Infrared Imaging Sensors (LIRIS) provides an unseen view of the ISS. During Georges Lemaître’s rendezvous, LIRIS sensors, composed of two infrared cameras, one visible camera, and a scanning LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging), were turned on two and a half hours and 3500 m from the Space Station. All sensors worked as expected and a large amount of data was recorded and stored within ATV-5’s cargo hold before being returned to Earth with the Soyuz flight 38S in September 2014. As a part of the LIRIS postflight activities, the information gathered by all sensors is collected inside a flight database together with the reference ATV trajectory and attitude estimated by ATV main navigation sensors. Although decoupled from the ATV main computer, the LIRIS data were carefully synchronized with ATV guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) data. Hence, the LIRIS database can be used to assess the performance of various image processing algorithms to provide range and line-of-sight (LoS) navigation at long/medium range but also 6 degree-of-freedom (DoF) navigation at short range. The database also contains information related to the overall ATV position with respect to Earth and the Sun direction within ATV frame such that the effect of the environment on the sensors can also be investigated. This paper introduces the structure of the LIRIS database and provides some example of applications to increase the technology readiness level of noncooperative rendezvous.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).