Volume 8, 2016Progress in Propulsion Physics
|Page(s)||353 - 374|
|Section||Scramjet and pressure-gain combustion|
|Published online||06 July 2016|
The role of presumed probability density functions in the simulation of nonpremixed turbulent combustion
Dipartimento di Meccanica, Matematica e Management 200 Via Re David, Bari 70125, Italy
2 Centro di Eccellenza in Meccanica Computazionale (CEMEC) 200 Via Re David, Bari 70125, Italy
3 Centro Italiano di Ricerche Aerospaziali (CIRA) Via Maiorise, Capua 81043, Italy
Flamelet-Progress-Variable (FPV) combustion models allow the evaluation of all thermochemical quantities in a reacting flow by computing only the mixture fraction Z and a progress variable C. When using such a method to predict turbulent combustion in conjunction with a turbulence model, a probability density function (PDF) is required to evaluate statistical averages (e. g., Favre averages) of chemical quantities. The choice of the PDF is a compromise between computational costs and accuracy level. The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of the PDF choice and its modeling aspects to predict turbulent combustion. Three different models are considered: the standard one, based on the choice of a β-distribution for Z and a Dirac-distribution for C; a model employing a β-distribution for both Z and C; and the third model obtained using a β-distribution for Z and the statistically most likely distribution (SMLD) for C. The standard model, although widely used, does not take into account the interaction between turbulence and chemical kinetics as well as the dependence of the progress variable not only on its mean but also on its variance. The SMLD approach establishes a systematic framework to incorporate informations from an arbitrary number of moments, thus providing an improvement over conventionally employed presumed PDF closure models. The rational behind the choice of the three PDFs is described in some details and the prediction capability of the corresponding models is tested vs. well-known test cases, namely, the Sandia flames, and H2-air supersonic combustion.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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