Volume 3, 2012Progress in Flight Physics
|Page(s)||429 - 448|
|Section||Chapter Five. Aeroacoustics|
|Published online||29 January 2013|
Development of a free round jet at different conditions at the nozzle exit under an acoustic action
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Novosibirsk, Russia
Experimental data concerning the influence of initial conditions at the nozzle exit on the structure and development characteristics of round jets are reported. Features in the development of laminar and turbulent round jets emanating from variously elongated nozzles at identical Reynolds numbers are revealed. Smoke visualization pictures obtained for jets formed under different initial conditions (with different distributions of mean and fluctuating flow velocities at the nozzle exit) are discussed. It is shown possible to make the zone of laminar flow in the jet stream more extended and to delay the jet turbulization process in space by making the flow-velocity profile more parabolic at the exit of elongated nozzle. Features in the development of vortical structures in a jet under an acoustic action are identified. It is shown that, for a turbulent round jet to be produced right at the nozzle exit, the nozzle length must be increased in excess of a certain value so that to provide for spatial growth of turbulent boundary layer thickness, finally ending in the formation of a fully turbulent flow velocity profile across the channel.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012