Volume 1, 2009Progress in Propulsion Physics
|Page(s)||17 - 30|
|Section||Solid Rocket Propulsion|
|Published online||16 September 2011|
Aluminum nanoparticles burning − still a puzzle?
The experimental data on the aluminum nanopowders (nAl) combustion in oxidizing media (air, propellants AP∗/HTPB†/Al/HMX‡, and energetic compositions) assuming the phenomenon of nitrides formation with the high yield is generalized. In the present work, the nAl produced by electrical explosion of wires was studied. The temperature, burning rate, and radiation were measured at combustion and the actual burning process was recorded by a videocamera. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and chemical analysis were performed on the both initial powders and final condensed products. It was experimentally proved that the combustion process of aluminum nanoparticles was two staged independently of burning conditions in nitrogen-containing media. The formation of nitrides in presence of molecular nitrogen is the determining stage in the particles combustion. A qualitative discussion is given on the kinetic limitation for AlN (AlON) oxidation due to rapid condensation and encapsulation of solid AlN (AlON).
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2009