Progress in Flight Physics Volume 8
EUCASS: The Association
The EUropean Conference for AeroSpace Sciences, EUCASS (www.eucass.eu) is a nonprofit international association established in Belgium. It was founded in July 2006 to stimulate the development of pure and applied aerospace sciences in Europe. The purposes of EUCASS are scientific, technical, and educational. The association focuses on forefront science and cutting-edge technologies. It is at the service of Academia, Industry, Agencies, and other decision makers, by fostering communication and cooperation among them in order to reduce the time to the market for innovations. The association helps young scientists to find internships outside their countries of origin and supplies information on mobility and job opportunities. Last, it promotes a much-needed dialog between researchers and the governing bodies of Europe.
The base of EUCASS is the European Continent, Russia included. Members from all other countries are welcome. Today, the association counts in excess of 600 members from over 30 different countries. It is a member of the International Astronautical Association (IAF) and is partnering with European disciplinary associations ECCOMAS, ERCOFTAC, EUROMECH, and EUROTURBO and with CEAS, the Council of European Aerospace Societies. Among its notable activities, the EUCASS team has already organized six major first-ever conferences each attended by over 500 participants:
- Moscow (July 2005) co-organized by ONERA and TsAGI with partial operational support from AAAF and the Russian Academy of Sciences;
- Brussels (July 2007) co-organized by ULB and VKI;
- Versailles (July 2009) organized by the ASTECH Cluster;
- St. Petersburg (July 2011) jointly organized by the N. N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and TORUS PRESS;
- Munich (July 2013) jointly organized by the Technical University of Munich and Astrium (subsequently merged into Airbus Defence and Space) Ottobrun, with support from CIMNE in Barcelona.
Each conference included several parallel symposia, namely, System Integration, Flight Physics, Flight Dynamics, Structures and Materials, and Propulsion Physics. In the organization of the above conferences, great attention is always paid to the facilitation of cross-fertilization between multidisciplinary activities and between applications of any given technology to space and to aeronautics.
EUCASS has also launched a series of high-level Aerospace Thematic Workshops dedicated to fundamental topics of promising potential for aerospace applications, like the one on "Fundamentals of flow and combustion control by plasmas". The first of these was held in May 2007 at Varenna, Italy; the second and third editions followed in October 2009 and April 2011 at Les Houches Physics School in France. The most recent one of the series was in Aussois in April 2013.
The association's mission is not limited to organizing its biennial conferences and workshops. One of its fundamental tasks is also to publish high quality monographs in the form of Book Series compiling the best scientific works presented. Since 2007, it has been partnering with TORUS PRESS for these proceedings; it also encourages authors to submit their regular articles to the well-established Journal of Aerospace Engineering Part G of SAGE Publications Ltd.
EUCASS Honorary President
EUCASS addresses all topics of interest to aerospace, from research challenges to long-term programmes and administrative problems. It is organized in several permanent Technical Committees (TC). One of them is the Propulsion Physics TC. Within the broad EUCASS framework, the specific purpose of the Propulsion Physics TC is to promote the technology, sciences, and arts of aeronautic and space propulsion and to help those engaged in these pursuits to develop their skills and those of their students.
The Propulsion Physics Symposium covers all aspects of air-breathing and space propulsion, spanning from new developments in engines and propellants to modeling and testing. Topics range from basic research and development to applied studies, using experimental, theoretical, and/or advanced numerical methods, with a special focus on fundamental physical understanding. This eighth volume of the EUCASS book series on advances in aerospace sciences is dedicated to progress in propulsion physics and includes a collection of the best papers, presented in this or closely connected areas, at the 5th European Conference for Aerospace Sciences held in Munich, Germany, July 48, 2013. The Propulsion Symposium of this conference turned out to be a major meeting in the field of propulsion R&D with around 180 presentations. About 1/4 of the total number of papers accepted for presentation at the conference was later selected by the volume editors and subsequently edited by an international body of peer reviewers. The current book is the product of this long distillation process.
The volume includes four chapters covering most of the traditional aspects and topics in aeronautic and space propulsion sciences as well as several innovative ones:
Chapter 1 Liquid propulsion
Chapter 2 Hybrid and Solid Propulsion
Chapter 3 Scramjet and Pressure-Gain Combustion
Chapter 4 Gas-Turbine Propulsion
To easily identify and put in the right perspective the material of interest, the reader is invited to consult the brief introduction and paper summaries compiled at the start of the eight chapters.
We sincerely trust that this joint international effort will help all readers to gain a better understanding of aerospace propulsion and to further appreciate and widen the fascinating horizons of the aerospace world.
EUCASS Technical Committee Chair
The Propulsion Physics Technical Committee gratefully acknowledges the patronage of Mr. Martin Zeil, Bavarian Deputy Prime Minister and State Minister for Economic Affairs, Infrastructure, Transport, and Technology. The Committee also expresses its deep appreciation for the EUCASS 2013 sponsors (in alphabetical order): Astrium, Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES), ECAero, European Space Agency (ESA), ho-Computer, MT Aerospace, Munich Aerospace, Offce National d'Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales (ONERA), Safran Herakles, TsAGI (Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after N. E. Zhukovsky), and the United States Offce of Naval Research.
The Propulsion Physics Technical Committee also gratefully acknowledges the efforts of the reviewers of the papers published in this volume. They are: William Anderson, Daniel Banuti, Branislav Basara, Anatol Borisov, John Coull, Luigi Cutrone, Dmitry Davidenko, Manuel Frey, Luciano Galfetti, Blazenco Ivancic, Aslan Kasimov, Boris Khasainov, Markus Lempke, Ivett Leyva, Dmitry Markovich, Francesco Nasuti, Hideyo Negishi, Olivier Orlandi, Michael Oschwald, Oleg Penyazkov, Thomas Sattelmayer, Nadeshda Slavinskaya, Dmitry Suslov, Susumu Teramoto, Anatol Trotsyuk, Victor Zabaikin, and Victor Zukhov.
The EUCASS 2013 Propulsion Physics Volume is the outcome of the efforts of many dedicated individuals including the conference organizers and sponsors, authors, reviewers and the staff of TORUS PRESS and EDP Sciences. We extend our deepest appreciation to all.