Progress in Flight Physics Volume 3

Volume presentation

The book contains 43 selected, revised and thoroughly edited papers addressing various issues of flight physics written by world-known experts. The papers include critical analyses of previous studies and controversial aspects of novel flight concepts, new theoretical and experimental results and findings as well as numerous references to archival publications worldwide. The book is organized in 6 chapters: (1) Aerodynamics; (2) Shock Interaction; (3) High Enthalpy Flows; (4) Heat Transfer; (5) Aeroacoustics; and (6) Flow Control. The volume was prepared as a reference for research scientists and practicing engineers in the field of flight physics.

EUCASS: The Association

The European Conference for AeroSpace Sciences, EUCASS ( is a nonprofit international association established in Belgium. It was founded in July 2006 to stimulate the development of pure and applied aerospace sciences in Europe. The purposes of EUCASS are scientific, technical, and educational. The association focuses on forefront science and cutting-edge technologies. It is at the service of Academia, Industry, Agencies, and other decision makers, by fostering communication and cooperation among them in order to reduce the time to market for innovations. The association helps young scientists to find internships outside their countries of origin and supplies information on mobility and job opportunities.

The base of EUCASS is European and includes Russia. Members from all other countries are welcome. Today, the association counts in excess of 500 members from over 30 different countries. It is a member of the International Astronautical Association (IAF) and is in the process of networking with European disciplinary associations Eccomas, Ercoftac, Euromech, and Euroturbo and with CEAS, the Council of European Aerospace Societies.

Among its notable activities, EUCASS has already organized three major first-ever conferences each attended by over 500 participants:
Moscow (July 2005) co-organized by ONERA and TsAGI with partial operational support from AAAF and the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Brussels (July 2007) co-organized by ULB and VKI; and
Versailles (July 2009) organized by the ASTECH Cluster.

It has also launched a series of high-level Aerospace Thematic Workshops dedicated to fundamental topics of great potential for aerospace applications, like that on flow and combustion control by plasmas. The first one was held in May 2007 at Varenna, Italy; the second edition followed in October 2009 at Les Houches Physics School in France.

The association’s mission is not limited to organizing its biennial conferences and workshops. One of its fundamental tasks is also to publish high quality monographs in the form of Book Series compiling the best scientific works presented. Since 2007, it has been in partnership with Torus Press for these proceedings; it also encourages authors to submit their regular scientific articles to the well established Journal of Aerospace Engineering Part G of SAGE Publications Ltd.


Philippe Reijasse, Deputy director at the Fundamental/Experimental Department of ONERA. He is the ONERA project head "Nozzle and After-Body Aerodynamics" for launchers within a CNES–ONERA partnership program. He is a graduate of Ecole Supérieure des Techniques Aéronautiques et de Construction Automobile (ESTACA) at Paris, France. He received his Ph.D. from the University Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (Paris, France). His main research area is fluid mechanics of compressible flows (e. g., shock waves and flow separation in propulsion systems, nozzle unsteady aerodynamics, transonic and supersonic base flows).

Doyle Knight, Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. He is a graduate of Occidental College and the California Institute of Technology in Physics (BA) and Aeronautics (BS). He received his MS and Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology in Aeronautics. His research interest is computational gas dynamics with applications to high speed flows and design optimization.

Professor Mikhail Ivanov is the Head of the Computational Aerodynamics Laboratory of the Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His research interests include: kinetic gas theory and direct statistical simulation, plume flows and impingement, rarefied flows in micronozzles, hypersonic aerothermodynamics of space vehicles, near-continuum hypersonic separated flows, shock wave/laminar boundary layer interaction, shock/shock interaction, and transition from regular to Mach reflection in steady flows. He is an AIAA Fellow.

Igor Lipatov, Head of Theoretical Department of TsAGI. He is a graduate of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. He received his Ph.D. and Doctoral thesis from TsAGI. His main research area is supersonic viscous gas flows. He published more than 130 meeting papers and publications. Four times he got National Zhukovsky Prize for the best research work in Aeronautics.


EUCASS (European Conference for Aero-Space Sciences) is a scientific association at the service of research scientists, engineers, and decision makers active in aeronautical and space sciences.

EUCASS, which is an international nonprofit association under the Belgian law, addresses all topics of interest to aerospace, from research challenges to long-term programmes and prospective. It organizes regular conferences, workshops, and meetings. Its goal is to attract the best specialists from Europe and elsewhere, and to create a commonwealth of interest and challenges where in-formation and ideas circulate freely and swiftly, where the currently scattered European knowledge is exchanged much faster and cross-fertilised. EUCASS is the cradle that nurtures a friendly and lively community spirit among all players. It started its activities in 2005 by organizing the first-ever European conference in Moscow, followed at a biennial rate in Brussels and Versailles.

In order to contribute to the dissemination of scientific knowledge, we have launched this EUCASS Book Series, the first and second volumes of which were dedicated to Propulsion Physics and presented a selection of the lectures given in Brussels in July 2007.

EUCASS is organized in several permanent Technical Committees (TC). One of them is the Flight Physics TC. Within the broad EUCASS framework, the specificc purpose of the Flight Physics TC is to promote the technology, sciences, and arts of Flight physics and to help those engaged in these pursuits to develop their skills and those of their students.

This third volume of the EUCASS Book Series on Advances in Aerospace Sciences is dedicated to Flight Physics. It comprises a selected collection of 43 papers presented at the 3rd European Conference for Aerospace Sciences held in Versailles, France, July 06-10, 2009. The current volume is the result of a long review process. About 1/3 of the total number of papers accepted for presentation at the conference was later selected by the volume editors, then edited by an international body of peer reviewers.

The volume includes six chapters covering experimental, theoretical and numerical aspects of the §ight physics:

  • Chapter One Aerodynamics
  • Chapter Two Shock Interaction
  • Chapter Three High Enthalphy Flows
  • Chapter Four Heat Transfer
  • Chapter Five Aeroacoustics
  • Chapter Six Flow Control

To easily identify the material of interest, the reader is invited to consult the brief paper summaries compiled at the start of each chapter.

Ph. Reijasse, D. Knight, M. Ivanov, I. Lipatov


Special thanks are addressed to our sponsors, without which the 2009 conference would not have taken place: International Science and Technology Center (ISTC); European Space Agency (ESA); Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales (ONERA); SAFRAN Group; Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES); Thalès for providing financial and moral support.

It is our pleasure to thank for their valuable and patient support:

  • members of the Organizing Committee;
  • members of the International Advisory Committee; and
  • all conference participants including speakers, observers, and session chairs.

The present book would not have been possible without the support and careful work of the international college of reviewers purposely nominated for this task. The quality of any scientific book is largely due to the will of reviewers to share their expertise and knowledge with unknown colleagues from all over the world. As a minor token of the editors£ appreciation for reviewers' diligence and work, the names of all contributing reviewers are listed hereafter:

Cem Ozan Asma
Olga Azarova
Yevgeniy Bondar
Reynald Bur
Gerald Carrier
Samuel Davoust
Sébastien Deck
Jean Délery
David Deprés
Greg Elliot
Oscar Friedlender
Eric Garnier
Pavel Georgievsky
Patrick Huerre
Anatoly Kharitonov
Victor Kopiev
Dmitry Khotyanovsky
Alexey Kudryavtsev
Benjamin Leclaire
Jury Lipnickij
Oliver Marquet
Alexander Osipov
Jean-Christophe Robinet
Denis Sipp
Eduard Vasilevsky
and Hong Yan

The conference and this volume are the outcome of hard work of several dedicated teams, and we appreciate their valuable contributions. In particular, we acknowledge the assistance given at various stages by ASTECH Cluster employees in organizing the conference and the staff of TORUS PRESS Publishers for the excellent production of this volume. It is worth noting that while working on this volume TORUS PRESS replotted over 750 figures, reconfigured over 70 tables, and reformatted over 500 references - by including their full bibliographic data - to follow the highest book quality standards and to keep the book style homogeneous and attractive. In addition, a special care was taken to unify the terminology, abbreviations, and measuring units all throughout the volume and to avoid various inconsistencies in the original manuscripts.

We sincerely wish that this joint international effort will help all readers to gain a better understanding of aerospace propulsion, and to further appreciate and widen the fascinating horizons of the aerospace world.