Volume 11, 2019Progress in Propulsion Physics – Volume 11
|Page(s)||481 - 494|
|Published online||08 February 2019|
VINCI®, the european reference for ariane 6 upper stage cryogenic propulsive system
Snecma Space Engines Division Vernon, France
2 Airbus Safran Launchers Paris, France
3 CNES Launcher Directorate ESA/CNES Ariane Project Team Paris, France
The intent of this publication is to provide an overview of the development of the VINCI® engine over the period 2014–2015. The VINCI® engine is an upper stage, cryogenic expander cycle engine. It combines the required features of this cycle, i. e., high performance chamber cooling and high performance hydrogen turbopump, with proven design concepts based on the accumulated experience from previous European cryogenic engines such as the HM7 and the VULCAIN®. In addition, its high performance and reliability, its restart and throttle capability offer potential applications on various future launcher upper stages as well as orbital spacecraft. At the end of 2014, the VINCI® successfully passed the Critical Design Review that was held after the major subsystem (combustion chamber, fuel and oxygen turbopump) had passed their own Critical Design Review all along the second half of 2014. In December, a Ministerial Conference at government level gave priority to the Ariane 6 program as Europe future launcher. In the framework of this decision, VINCI® was confirmed as the engine to equip Ariane 6 cryogenic upper stage engine. This publication shows how the VINCI development is progressing toward qualification, and also how the requirements of the new Ariane 6 configuration taken into account, i. e., offering new opportunities to the launch system and managing the new constraints. Moreover, the authors capitalize on the development already achieved for the evolution of Ariane 5. In parallel to completing the engine development and qualification, the configuration and the equipment of the propulsive system for Ariane 6 such as the components of the pressurization and helium command systems, board to ground coupling equipment, are being defined.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.